This order of battle
basically represents the Urals army from Spring
1919, when most units were reformed following the difficult Winter. It
lasts more or less the same until October 1919, when ad hoc groupings of
the remaining steady units started to take over.
The main source of information for this is gorynych forum,
a site devoted to the history of the Urals Cossacks.
This corps is often
omitted from Host lists and numbers, as it was composed entirely of
non-Urals units and fought separately from them. It held the front
towards Astrakhan along the Caspian.
Astrakhan Cossack Regiments were from that Host. The other two units
were non-Cossacks from the Astrakhan area, boosted by other non-Urals
forces. At some stage there was a "Russian-Serbian" infantry unit,
may have supplied the core for the 2nd Plastoon Regiment above.
9th Urals Cossack Regiment
This regiment was
operating around Guriev for most of this period, protecting it from
attack from Turkestan (by land or sea). It is possible that the regiment
is listed above by a territorial name.
13th Orenburg Cossack
unit is well attested as fighting alongside the Urals Host for most of
the war, probably in
the region of Iletsk since that puts it closest to Orenburg.
The Urals Host seems to
have had built up a force of several armoured cars.
At least one armoured train operated with the army, probably improvised.
The 9th Air Squadron had been able to supply occasional reconnaissance
from mid-1918 in the Urals area initially. In July 1919 the AFSR sent
the 10th Squadron to assist. These two squadrons flew along the Urals
River front until the end of the war.
In March 1919 the British 266th Squadron arrived with their sea-planes
to patrol the sea. In July with the British withdrawal they passed to
Cossack control. The planes continued to patrol against Soviet naval
attack, but also supported the attack along the coast towards
Astrakhan of the Urals-Astrakhan Corps.
Training Regiments were always the best units of the army, and were
based on young recruits. They were kept intact when the
1919 reformation took place.
2nd Partisan and Pozdnaykov Regiments were reformed around a
of officers, volunteers, Cossacks from other hosts and peasants. They
were also very good quality.
The Cossack regiment listed above were all restructured in
March-April 1919 to be based around groups of villages. The
8th and 16th Regiments were left as conscious reformings of the old
The Foot regiments were probably largely non-Cossack in composition.
Small partisan detachments appear to have come and gone in addition to
those listed above in the formal line-up. For example, a "Brykovski
Partisan Detachment" appears in the 1st Division for a while.