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Orders of Battle

All orders of battle merely give a snapshot of the army at one point in time: and the Russian Civil War even more so than most wars. What lists we have tend to be associated with a reorganisation, so are much better evidence for the months following than for the months preceding them.

The orbats I  have chosen are largely those where there are numbers attached, which allows gamers to gauge some idea of the relative balance of infantry : cavalry : MGs : guns.

NB: different armies counted differently. The Whites tended to count just riflemen as "bayonets" and just line cavalry as "sabres", not including any supporting troops like machine-gunners. The Reds tended to count everyone in a rifle unit as a "bayonet". The Reds also tended to have more non-combatants in a front-line unit than their opponents. It is therefore inappropriate to just compare the bald figures directly.

Whites in South Russia

The AFSR was divided into some major groupings. Here are those front-line portions to the east (that is excluding the Ukraine, where the Volunteer Army portion was) at the time of the rejig in Autumn 1919. The AFSR was pretty much at its peak at this time:

Caucasian Army in October 1919  

Forces of the Northern Caucasus in October 1919

Don Army in October 1919

Forces at the Battle of Orel, October 1919
During1920 the AFSR became the "Russian Army" under the leadership of Baron Wrangel. There were a great many rearrangements, both big and small, and units in the orders of battle might have no equipment or be made up more or less entirely of POWs. Orbats for this period must therefore be used with great caution, as they were out of date even as they were being made.

Russian Army July 1920

2nd Corps August 1920  

Russian Army October 1920

Anti-Bolshevik forces on the Estonian/Petrograd Front

This is the White Russian units operating on the Estonian border up to May 1919. 

Independent Corps of the Northern Army   in pdf   (will open in a new window)

(Maps showing the Northern Corps' position in May and the extent of their offensive can be found in the maps section.)

By late 1919 the Whites in this area were called the North-Western Army, and under the command of General Iudenich. Although not actually doing much fighting, their reluctant Estonian allies propped up the southern wing. This is the list of units pretty much at the peak of the second drive on Petrograd.

North-Western Army in October 1919

Estonian Army in October 1919    

Anti-Bolshevik forces in Siberia

The short-lived KOMUCH was never a great power but its campaigning in co-ordination with the Czech Legion was the first serious threat to Soviet power. Information about the People's Army is hard to find, hated as it was by adherents of the extremist elements that came to dominate the early writing up of the war, both Red and White.

People's Army in August 1918

Sub-units of the People's Army
The Urals Host was formally part of the main White forces in Siberia, but operationally it kept separate. The Ataman commanded non-Cossack forces and parts of other Hosts, and various orders of battle deal with those in different ways. The Urals Host appears to have had both territorial and numerical naming systems, which makes tracing units difficult:

Urals units of the SouthWestern Army December 1918

Urals Separate Army April-September 1919

Urals Separate Army July 1919

The Orenburg Host is very difficult to keep track of. Ataman Dutov commanded large numbers of non-Cossack forces, but at the same time many Orenburg Cossack regiments were dispersed to other commands. These orders of battle do not list all the Orenburg units, just those in the main Orenburg theatre.

Orenburg Separate Army in January 1919 

SouthWestern Army December 1918

Red Army

A bit of a resource for tracking down Soviet Cavalry divisions: especially useful for when they changed names.

Soviet Cavalry Divisions

An orbat for those elements of the Soviet Southern Front at the crucial turning point of Denikin's drive on Moscow. Known as the Battle of Orel or, in Soviet literature, as the Orel-Kromy Operation:

Soviets at Orel, October 1919

 An orbat for those units facing the Whites listed in the Crimea above:

Soviets facing Wrangel October 1920

NDA Belorussian Campaign 1920

An orbat for the brief attack near Mozyr' by the Russian Peoples' Volunteer Army under the command of  Bulak-Balakhovich:

NDA orbat  in pdf   (will open in a new window)

Polish-Soviet War 1920

I have assembled an orbat for the Poles in August 1920 at the Battle of Warsaw, which includes the numbers for most divisions taken from Sikorski:

Battle of Warsaw orbat   in pdf   (will open in a new window)

For the Battle of Komarów (also known as Cześniki) see my article in the history section:

Battle of Komarów/Cześniki

Ukrainian Nationalists

There is an orbat for the Galician Ukrainians:

UGA early 1919   in pdf  (this will open in a new window)

Freikorps in the Baltic

Various orbats can be found in my section on that war:

Latvia 1919

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