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How Odessa became Red

 
The book I wrote with Tom Hillman and Alexis Mehtidis on the French and Greek Intervention in Odessa and the Crimea in early 1919.
 

Table of contents

Authors’ Note    3

Section 1: Introduction    7
Why the Ukraine?    7
Problems from the Start    9
Chronology of Major Events    12

Section 2: The Opposing Armies    17
The French    17
French Troops    19
French Organisation    23
French Uniforms    23
Franco-Russian Units    24
The Greeks    24
Greek Troops    26
Greek Organisation    27
Greek Uniforms    28
The Romanians    29
Romanian Troops    30
Romanian Uniforms    30
The Volunteer Army    30
VA Troops    32
VA Organisation    32
VA Uniforms    35
Ekaterinoslav March    36
The Poles    37
Polish Organisation    37
Polish Uniforms    37
The Czechs    38
The Germans    38
The Red Army    39
Atamanshchina (Era of the Atamans)    40
The Ukrainian Soviet Army    41
Red Army Organisation    47
Red Army Uniforms    48
The Directory and Petliura    48
Directory Troops    50
Directory Organisation    50
Directory Uniforms    50
Technical Arms    51
Tanks    51
Armoured Cars    52
Armoured Trains    53
Planes    54

Section 3: The Campaign    57
The Landing in Odessa    57
Occupying the Railway Lines    59
The Attack on Tiraspol    60
The Bielajevska Ambush and Reprisal    61
Kherson    61
Nikolaiev    65
Berezovka    67
Opposing Forces    69
The Battle of Berezovka – 18 March 1919    70
Results of the Battle    73
Fortified Odessa – March 1919    75
Soviet Forces    80
How Strong was Odessa?    81
Odessa City    81
Some Numbers    82
Attack on Cerbka    84
Cerbka Retaken – 27 March 1919    86
Cerbka Turned – 31 March 1919    88
Bol Buyalik    89
Evacuation of Odessa    90
Crossing the Dniester    95
The Crimea    96
Battle of Perekop – “Breaching the Crimea”    97
Fortified Sebastopol    100
The Reds Attack Sebastopol    102
Bessarabia    105
Grigoriev Revolts    106
Attack on Bender    106
The End of the Intervention    107

Section 4: Wargaming the Campaign    109
Terrain    109
Odessa    109
The Crimea    110
Refighting the Actions    111
Kherson    113
Berezovka and the Drive on Odessa    114
Perekop Defence    114
Tank actions    114
“What-ifs”    114
Figures    115
Ranges    115

Section 5: Conclusion    117

Appendices    119
Appendix 1: Further Reading    119
Appendix 2: Terms Defined    122
Appendix 3: Proper Names    123
 
 
 
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