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Incomplete and inaccurate list of actions during the French Intervention

This list tries not to include actions where only a platoon or smaller fought on one side, as my interest is in gaming above skirmish level. The numerous combats where only a few dozen French (usually a cavalry squadron or Contre-Guerilla unit) fought have therefore been omitted. Smaller ambushes have also been left out.

mexico  Mexicans;
france  French, including contra-guerrillas;
Belgium  Belgian Legion;
austria  Austrian Legion;
 Ex-Confederates;
Europe  Imperial "Mexican" units largely made up of Europeans and/or ex-Confederates.

1862

9 January - The French expedition lands 3,000 men in Vera Cruz. There is no opposition. The French slowly expand their area of influence around the port, but without combat. -
18 April - General Lorencez sets off. The entire expeditionary force now numbers some 7,300 soldiers.
Avenel
end-March Ahuacatepec mexico Colonel de la Pena (Liberal) defeats Colonel Tovar. Anales
10 April Izucar de Matamoros mexico General Cobos defeats General Alatriste. Anales
19 April Fortin france A small squadron of French cavalry attack retiring Mexicans, under General Zaragoza. The first (small scale) confrontation between French and Mexicans. Avenel Dabbs
28 April Las Cumbres de Aculzingo france The Mexicans oppose the French on the last natural obstacle in front of Puebla: the steep slopes at the edge of the Anahuac plateau above Acultzingo. The Mexicans have 4,000 men, with three batteries and 200 cavalry. The French initially send in two battalions, then add reinforcements until reaching 14 companies as resistance is steady. After 3 hours the defenders are pushed off. French report losses as light, though the Mexicans claim 500 casualties. Avenel Roeder
Wikipedia
4 May Atlixco mexico Liberal General Tomas O’Horan defeats General Marquez, who is trying to get through to the French column marching on Puebla.
Internet
Anales
5 May Cinqo de Mayo france The French assault the Guadeloupe fort outside Puebla and are driven off with extremely heavy losses. The French then retire from Puebla, awaiting reinforcements from France.
Avenel
14 May Borrego france Captain Diétrie defeats General Ortega. Anales
17 May Barranca Seca mexico
then
france
General Tapia, commanding a Liberal army of 500 cavalry and 1,500 infantry, attacks General Marquez who is on his way to link up with the French. Colonel l’Hériller dispatches the 99th Line, who attack the Liberals at the bayonet and the drive them off in disorder, saving their allies. Casualties are heavy on both Mexican armies, light for the French. Avenel
10 June - General Douay disembarks at Vera Cruz with the rest of the initial French forces. -
13 June Cerro Borrego france The Liberals sneak a large force with guns onto an unguarded hill above the town of Orizaba, main base of the French. They are driven off by an attack at night. Avenel Pierron
14 June Orizaba france General Zaragoza approaches Orizaba from the south. Both sides shell each other for a while but neither makes any other aggressive moves. Zaragoza retires overnight. Avenel Pierron
- - French reinforcements pour into Vera Cruz. 21 September General Forey; early October General Neigre, 17 October Generals Bazaine and Castagny. French forces now number 17,000+. -
19 October Tepic mexico Colonel Corona unsuccessfully attacks Lozado in the town. Anales
?? Tuxpan mexico General Carvajal gathers an army to defend Huasteca. With a force of about 1,200 men he defeats Imperialist Colonel Manuel Llorente in a battle for the port. Arms
Early December Jalapa mexico General Marquez defends the city against the Liberals. Avenel
December La Hoya +
Cruz Blanca
france General Bazaine, leading the reinforcements from France, marches on Puebla. His outlying forces skirmish with Mexicans along the way. CFFH mentions combats at Cerro Leone, Cerro Gordo and Lorgano.
Dabbs
CFFH

1863

January  Perote france During a march a battalion of the 62nd Line is attacked by forces under Miron. Dabbs
February  Nopalucan france

mexico
The Liberals hound Bazaine’s column with several major attacks. The Mexicans allies, under Marquez, bear the brunt. This may include the action at Los Llanos, where CFFH notes the 12th Chasseurs coming to the rescue of a convoy guarded by the 51st Line.
Dabbs
10 March Jocotopec mexico Colonel Rojas, commanding the Army of the East, takes the town, then shoots his Conservative prisoners. Anales
16 March Puebla The siege starts. The French use conventional tactics with saps and artillery bombardments. The French have 30,000 men (8,000 of them Mexican). The defenders have 22,000, plus the 8,000 strong Army of the Centre which attempts to run in supplies and fights guerrillas.
Anales
22 March Cholula france

mexico
Avenal has General Mirandol repelling an attack by 2,000 Liberal cavalry under Comonfort. CFFH has this action won by 2 squadrons of the Chasseurs d'Afrique and conflicting information on whether the 12th Chasseurs fought. Avenel
CFFH
29 March Fort San Javier
france The first major action at the siege: the fort falls after a hard-fought engagement. -
31 March Guadalupita Convent
france The convent is taken by assault. The siege itself is now a series of small actions to take individual city blocks, with very heavy losses on both sides. Avenel
14 April Ateixco france A regiment out foraging under Colonel Brincourt is attacked. Grouping his party he forced the Liberals to retreat, then follows up to San Lorenzo, again inflicting severe casualties. Dabbs
15 April Fort Carmen
france The fort is attacked, but resists. Avenel
15 April Resupply attempt
unsure Liberal General O’Horan leaves Puebla with a cavalry corps and attempts to bring a convoy into the city, but fails. Avenel
25 April Santa Ines Convent
france The convent holds off an attack, with the French suffering extremely heavily. The French now move mostly to a strategy of starving out Puebla. -
30 April Camerón france A company of the Foreign Legion is trapped by a large Liberal contingent while scouting along the supply route to the siege at Puebla. The Legionnaires fight until all dead or wounded. Avenel
Various Puebla area
france Several small cavalry encounters occur around the siege. CFFH notes an action at  Atlisco where all three regiments of the Chasseurs d'Afrique fought.
Roeder
CFFH
5 May San Pablo del Monte france The Liberals under Comonfort try to break through the siege lines into the city (at night?). Their army has 5-7,000 men and 8-13 guns. This attack is 1,000 cavalry plus supporting infantry and artillery, and is held off by some Chasseurs d'Afrique and some of the 99th Line.
Avenal
Exped.
CFFH
6 May San Lorenzo mexico
then
france
Again Comonfort tries to get through to Puebla (at night?), pushing off General Marquez’s troops, only to be stopped by a French column. This may be the action CFFH calls Altixco, in which case it is the 3rd Zouaves.
Avenel Dabbs
CFFH
8 May San Lorenzo france

mexico
In a large surprise attack, General Bazaine (with Marquez) sweeps Comonfort from the field.
Avenel  Gaulot
12 May Totimechuacan 
unsure Attempted break-out of Puebla. Dabbs
17 May Puebla The city surrenders as food and ammunition run out. Approximately 27 generals and 12,000 men surrender.
Anales
7 June -
The French enter Mexico city. -
July onwards
- As well as the Vera Cruz to Mexico City axis, the French spread across the eastern coast, largely unopposed. Cities around Mexico City fall unopposed into French hands.
-
1 August
Candelaria france The 2nd Zouaves and 5th Hussars (on foot) clear this pass, defended by 800 Mexicans.
CFFH
28 August Duranzo mexico Tovar (Imperial) defeats Rojas in a six-hour combat. Rojas has 29 dead and 43 wounded. Anales
8 November - After a long pause the French reorganise and set out to extend their grip. A southern column pushes General Diaz back into Oaxaca while a northern one secures the cities of the central plateau. The French are generally not opposed and inevitably win if they are. -
ca. November Iguala mexico General Marquez dispatches part of his force and relieves the town, where General Taboada had been being besieged by Porfirio Diaz. Dabbs
mid-November Taxco mexico The town falls to Porfirio Diaz, who takes 271 prisoners. Anales
November Tulancalco france

unsure
62nd Line CFFH
November San Xavier
france

unsure
62nd Line CFFH
14 November Molino del Soria
mexico Liberal Comonfort killed when he is ambushed by pro-Imperial guerrillas at a rancho near Queretaro, while out with his staff (100 men). Dabbs Anales
18 December Morelia france

mexico
Colonel Berthier (with Marquez) successfully defends the city against the furious attack of Uraga (12,000 men and 36 guns). (Some disagreement on whether the French are present.)
Dabbs
Anales
22 December
Zamora france

unsure
The barricades of the town are over-run and the enemy pursued. It would seem that this was done by three squadrons of French cavalry.
CFFH
27 December San Luis Potosi mexico General Mejia occupies the city despite a counter-attack from General Negrete. Avenel

1864

28 January
Aguas Calientes
france

unsure
12th Chasseurs and a mountain battery are present here, as part of the Douay column, during the pursuit of General Uraga.
CFFH
29 January Teocaltiche france A French flying column of a battalion on mules and cavalry attacks Liberals (500 men, 2 guns?) in the town and take it within 30 minutes. Loizillon
c20 January Penjamillo mexico Imperial Mexican troops inflict a costly defeat on the Liberal troops under General Peña y Barragan  (who had entered the town and were looting it). Dabbs
3 February Valle de Santiago france The 51st and 95th Line, plus mounted Mexican auxiliaries, tangle with the guerrillas of Cantarido. CFFH
27 February San Juan Bautista (SE) france Evacuated by French marines and allies under pressure from General Diaz. Avenel
28 February Minatitlan france Also evacuated. Avenel
8 March Amatitlan mexico Gutierrez’s band (Liberal) surround 30 men of Lozada in a Church. They surrender when artillery is brought forward (and are then executed).
Loizillon
21 March Cuesillo france A French column (12th Chasseurs, mountain battery) overwhelms a rearguard in a hacienda and then pursues the remainder of Gutierrez’s band into the hills.
Loizillon
CFFH
25 March Malpaso
mexico
then
france
José Maria Chavez takes the town in a bloody massacre. The next day Captain Crainvilliers catches him by surprise and routs him.
Dabbs
End March
Mazatlan mexico Colonel Ochoa fends off an attempt to take the town by the French (landing troops from the warship Cordelière). Arms
11 April
Colotlan france

unsure
Chasseurs a pied (another battalion is noted for an action on 5 February).
CFFH
18  April
San Antonio
france
One of the more successful Contre-Guerilla actions.
CFFH
May
Santa Anna, Acotlan
france

unsure
Infaterie legere d'Afrique, 12th Chasseurs.
CFFH
May
Cosautlan france

mexico
Infaterie legere d'Afrique with Mexican allies. CFFH
13 May Nochistlan france Colonel Potier crushes the 500 men of Jesus Mejia, who retire from the city barricades into a church. There is heavy fighting and Mejia is killed. The 12th Chasseurs charge the rear-guard of the Liberals.
Avenel Loizillon
CFFH
17 May Matehuala mexico
then
france
Liberal Doblado (6,000 men) attacks General Mejia, forcing him back into the plaza. The Imperialists are rescued by the 62nd Line, Chasseurs d'Afrique and artillery under Colonel Aymard attacking into Doblado's flank and rear (the French were working from captured letters, so knew Doblado’s plans). Avenal
Dabbs
CFFH
ca. 30 May Zacoalco france A French column, under Colonel Garnier, engages the men of Rojas, who flee pretty much immediately.
Loizillon
June
Cocuite
france

unsure
4th and 5th companies of the Infaterie legere d'Afrique with 350 Mexican infantry defeat the Liberals' 150 cavalry and 500 infantry..
CFFH
August San Antonio france 7th Line fights in Teotitlan campaign CFFH
August Ayotla france 7th Line fights in Teotitlan campaign CFFH
17 August Rancho de Rodea unsure Liberal General Cantarito killed. Dabbs
Late 1864
- From this point there was almost no direct opposition to French expansion. The columns send out by the French get smaller and smaller as a result. -
September
Estanzuela france

unsure
Chasseurs a pied fight at this hacienda.
CFFH
21 September
Cerro de Majoma
france

mexico
4,000 Liberals under Ortega attacks a force of 530 French (Zouaves, 12th Chasseurs?) and 80 Mexicans and is defeated after a very hard fought engagement, with casualties heavy on both sides.
Roeder
Anales
CFFH
26 September Bagdad france
then
mexico
French Marines had been landed on 22 August, and hold out against attacks until the arrival of relief under General Mejia. Dabbs
Anales
27 October
Cocula (Colula?)
france
A compagnie franche and 30 cavalry (12th Chasseurs), perhaps also artillery, rout the 300 men of Guttierez.
CFFH
22 November
Jiquilpan france

unsure
The 6th squadron of the 12 Chasseurs help free the 5 companies of the 1st Zouaves and artillery encircled by the 4,000 men of General Ortega.
CFFH
22 December San Pedro france Colonel Rosales, with 400 men, completely defeats Colonel Gazielle, with 500 French and Algerians (and perhaps marines). Anales
December
- By the end of the year only the states of Michoacan (E), Chihuahua (N) and Oaxaca (S) are still under Liberal control with alliegance to Juarez. (However, other outlying states are attempting to become independent or resisting the Empire separately.) -

1865

1 January Espinazo del Diablo france Colonel Garnier defeats Corona, taking 14 prisoners, who he shoots. Anales
10 January Veranos france A night attack by guerrillas on a company of French line (left as garrison) and a few Mexican stragglers causes very heavy losses. The village is burnt in reprisal. ?
Anales
13 January Mazatlan france A French relief column relieves the encircled town. Avenel
17 January Oaxaca france The city is besieged by a French column of 5,500 men (only a few of the cavalry being Mexican). Porfirio Diaz had an army of 7,000, of which 3,000 are regular, plus another 700 under his son, Felix. 
Avenel
28 January Rancho de Potrerillos france

mexico
A contra-guerrilla force (110 French, 50 Mexican cavalry) attack Rojas by surprise, killing him and capturing very large amounts of material. Loizillon
Anales
ca. 1 February Sinaloa province france A column of 64 Marines and 64 tirailleurs algériens are destroyed.
Loizillon
ca. 1 February San Luis area france A column of 3 companies of Zouaves (150 men) lose 50 men after being caught in inhospitable terrain on a march to Mexico City.
Loizillon
4 February Oaxaca france The city falls after a brief siege. French losses are extremely low. Avenel
February
Tres Cruces
france
Infaterie legere d'Afrique in the follow-up to Oaxaca.
CFFH
February
Aguilera
france
Infaterie legere d'Afrique in the follow up to Oaxaca.
CFFH
ca. 24 February Los Reyes france

mexico
A column of 120 Zouaves, 5 French cavalry, 9 sappers plus supporting Mexicans (87 infantry, 90 cavalry) under Loizillon storm the village before retiring. Liberals were the groups of Regulares and Salazar.
Loizillon
ca. March
Zitacuaro mexico The Imperial garrison is almost entirely wiped out by the guerrillas of Ugalde and Traspena. Duschene
2 March Callejon de la Laja Austria

Mexico

France
A small Austro/Mexican/Sudanese force was ambushed in a defile. Hill
29 March (?) Saltillo mexico Negrete storms the town for the Liberals. Roeder
end March Guaymas france Colonel Garnier takes the town.. Anales
24 April
Michoacan france During Colonel Potier's clearance of this province, the 5th Hussars charge the Liberals under Regulares (3,500 men) three times and then pursue. The 81st Line is also present.
CFFH
6 June
Yerba-Buena france

unsure
The column of General Jeaningros (2 battalions Legion, 2 squadrons of Chasseurs d'Afrique, 1 battery) sweep General Negrete's troops away on their way to Saltillo. There is mention of the Contre-Guerillas here too (though for 8 June).
CFFH
early 1865 - The Liberals are now at their lowest effect militarily. However from time to time entire Imperial Mexican units desert to the enemy, at least in part due to Maximilian’s trimming of his army. -
23 July Guaymas france The French in this town are encircled by hostile guerrilla forces (they had arrived by sea) until Colonel Garnier breaks through and occupies Hermosillo with 550 men. He then reconciles the local Indian tribes and the Liberal party are crushed. Avenel
April - The French now number 28,000; plus there are 6,000 Austrians and 1,300 Belgians. The Mexican forces of Maximilian number 20,000 plus a further 8,500 Guardas (urban and rural). Anales
11 April Tocambaro Belgium

mexico
A column of four Belgian companies and a small Mexican squadron is caught in the town by a large number of Liberals under Regulares and surrender after a long fight. Duchesne Pierron
23 April ? france Colonel de Potier defeats Regulares. Avenel
mid-1865 - france Several campaigns on the eastern coast (Guerrero/Michoacan) fail to make much headway. -
June Rio de Lerma france

mexico
Nauroy, with 100 Zouaves and 150 Mexicans, is forced to retire into the town's redoubt by Pueblita, but holds out until nightfall. The Liberals then retire.
Loizillon
July Chihuahua
A drive is made by the French on Juarez in the north, against almost no direct opposition. -
16 July La Loma
(aka Tocambaro)
Belgium

mexico
Colonel Van Den Smissen’s Belgian and Mexican force (800 men) defeats General Arteaga (3,000 men). Duchesne
CFFH
1 August ? (Chihuahua) france General Brincourt defeats Negrete Anales
8 August
Custades france
Two squadrons of Chasseurs d'Afrique and two companies of mounted Zouavaes supprise the enemy at this hacienda, killing 180.
CFFH
8 August ? france A company of the 95th line is crushed by General Villagran’s guerrillas. Avenel
14 August
El Chamal
france

unsure
A battalion of the Infanterie leger d'Afrique forces the pass here, with the 2nd Zouaves and engineers coming to their assistance.
CFFH
? August near Jalapa austria Austrians suffer a check? Loizillon
22 September Alamos (Sonora) mexico Victory for the Imperialist Jose Almada over Rosales. Anales
28 September Bagdad mexico General Escobedo (Liberal) attacks General Mejia, but is driven off when the French navy arrives. Avenel
12 October Santa Ana Amatlan
mexico Colonel Mendez wins, capturing Generals Arteaga and Salazar. They are shot as reprisal for a guerrilla attack on a train which had caused numerous civilian and military casualties. Avenel
Anales
October Ahuacatlan austria

unsure
64 Austrians hold out for three hours, before surrendering. (Not sure if any Imperial Mexicans were present). CFFH
19 October
Artillero france

unsure
A big success for the Zouave mule-mounted company at this hacienda against guerrillas.
CFFH
19 October Santa Estera
austria

mexico
30 Austrians are wiped out in an ambush, their 200 Mexican auxiliaries abandoning them.. CFFH
ca. 22 October Figueroa austria

france
120 Austrian cavalry plus French destroy a Liberal force.
CFFH
16 November Tlapacoyan austria

mexico
A large Austrian force (7 companies, 1 squadron) with Mexican auxiliaries and 6 guns unsuccessfully assaults the town in a three pronged attack.
CFFH
21 November Tlapacoyan austria

mexico
A second Austrian attack succeeds, with a bayonet charge of the barricades, and the Liberals take heavy losses.
CFFH
25 November Los Lermas france A squadron of the 12th Chasseurs go to the aid of the besieged city of Monterey. The French cavalry fake a retreat, drawing the opposing Mexicans into favourable terrain, before turning to charge. CFFH
November Matamoros mexico General Mejia successfully defends against Juarez (3,000 men, some Americans, 11 guns) Avenel
9 December
Piesas
france

mexico
A cavalry platoon of the Infaterie legere d'Afrique and Mexican allies entering the town are attacked by 180 Liberals barricaded there, and are forced to retire after 7 hours of combat.
CFFH

1866

early 1866 - The French now start a policy of withdrawing from the edges of the country. -
4 January
El Gallo
france

unsure
Compagnie Franche of the 95th Line attack 300 Mexicans.
CFFH
4 January Bagdad austria

mexico
Escobedo, supported by American Negro regulars, takes the town from 40 Austrians and 150 Mexicans and then voluntarily withdraws on 25 January. Avenel
7 January Alamos (Sonora) mexico A victory for General Martinez. Anales
28 January Tehuantepec mexico Maximilianist victory. Avenel
January Reynosa mexico Liberal victory. Avenel
20 February La Loma de la Magdalena mexico General Mendez (Maximilian) wins a victory over Regulares near Uruapan. Casualties were heavy in the 3 hour battle: the losers had 200 dead + 300 prisoners; the winners 150 men dead and wounded.
Avenel
Anales
February San Jacinto    Europe

mexico
General Miramon (Maximilian) is defeated. Circa 100 Imperial Gendarmes of French extraction are executed. Avenel
1 March Santa Isabel france

mexico
A column of Legion with Mexican allies under Colonel Bryand attack the Liberals under General Viesca (perhaps 1,000 men). Both sides suffer very heavy casualties, but the Imperials are soundly defeated and all the French are killed or taken captive. Note: the sources all give extremely varying numbers but it seems that there were ~150 French, ~150 Mexican cavalry allies and similar Mexican foot
Avenel
Anales
Elton
CFFH
7 March - Bazaine fixes the objectives of the French forces as occupation of three main axes of communication, with troops not to stray more than 20 km from these. Avenel
18 March
Cinguicho france

unsure
Chasseurs a pied.
CFFH
19 March
El Presidio
france

unsure
Some 5,000 Mexicans face 700 French, including a squadron of Chasseurs d'Afrique, who succeed in driving off the enemy after a 4 hour defence of the town.
CFFH
24 March Chihuahua mexico The Juaristas successfully assault the town. The French had left 500 Mexicans behind as a garrison when they left on 31 January. Contributing to the success was artillery fire on an important part of the defence.
Internet
Anales
14 April Matamoros mexico General Mejia (Imperialist) pursues and fights Cortina’s men, including some Americans, twice.
Dabbs
16 April
Marin Belgium

mexico
Belgians and Mexican cavalry under Quiorja chase away a force of Mexican cavalry. Loiseau
6 May
Baron france

unsure
62nd Line (pacifying Sinaloa/Sonora).
CFFH
25 May
Fresnillo and Sallada
france

unsure
The actions of the 95th Line merits praise directly from Marshal Bazaine.
CFFH
6 June Matamoros mexico Mejia capitulates to Carbajal, embarking at Matamoros for Vera Cruz. Anales
16 June
Camargo (aka Santa Gertrudis)
austria

mexico
General Olvera’s column (1,500 men, including 300 Austrians) on the way to Matamoros to support General Meija is crushed by 3-5,000 Liberals, plus Americans. Avenel
Anales
18 June Charco Redondo Belgium

unsure
Belgians suffer 4 casualties. This may be the action noted in CFFH as Catorce, in which case there were Legion and Infanterie legere d'Afrique present.
Duchesne
Loiseau
June Cedral france Two columns of the Bataillon d'Afrique and some cavalry under Commandant de la Hayrie attack the town. The first grinds to a halt after the initial surprise, but the arrival of the second allows the Liberals to be driven from the town. (CFFH adds a small number of Mexican allies.)
Elton
CFFH
1 August Tampico france

mexico
Captain Langlois’s 200 contra-guerrillas and 500 Mexicans are attacked by 2,500 Liberals under Pavon. Most of the Mexicans desert and the town surrenders on 7 August. Avenel
Anales
18 August
la Noria del Custodio
france

unsure
A light column (cavalry and mule mounted infantry (Zouaves)) suprise and destroy an enemy force.
CFFH
4 September Guadalupe france

mexico
General Martinez defeats General Tanori and Captain Lamberg. Anales
5 September Ures france

mexico
General Martinez follows up his victory of the day before, winning another action and taking the town. Anales
11 September El Grande austria Lieutenant Hoop defeats a Mexican unit, but falls into an ambush while pursuing them. CFFH
12 September
Palos Prietos
france

unsure
62nd Line (pacifying Sinaloa/Sonora).
CFFH
25 September Ixmiquilpan Belgium An attempted surprise attack by a Belgian column (250 infantry in carts, 90 mounted) goes wrong. They retire in good order over a 48 hour period but with substantial losses. The Liberals number some 300 infantry and 500 cavalry) Duchesne
3 October Miahuatlan france

austria

mexico
General Oronoz, attempting to prevent Diaz from besieging Oaxaca, has his men routed by Diaz. Avenel gives the Imperialists 1,200 men. Anales has the force numbering 3,000, with a small portion of that French and Austrian.
Avenel
Anales
Wikipedia
18 October Carbonera austria

mexico
Major Krielk, with an Austro-Mexican column (1,500 men, mostly Austrians) attempts to relieve the siege of Oaxaca, but is routed by Diaz in a brief battle. Diaz had 3,600 men. He resumes the siege of Oaxaca two days later. The city capitulates on the 31st.
Avenel
Anales Internet
2 November
Cerro Blanco
france

unsure
Zouaves at this combat.
CFFH
11–13 November Mazatlan france Liberals attack 62nd Line (now in the process of withdrawing back to France). Avenel
CFFH
10 November Guayabo france

mexico
The Liberals defeat the French bandit Colonel Berthelin, killing him and 40 of his men (mixed French and Mexican) Anales
11 November Jalapa mexico The city falls to Juaristas, although a French/Austrian relief force is on the way. Dabbs
November Matamoros mexico Juaristas under Escobedo besiege the city, which is held by Canales, another Liberal but Ortegista. (I have no idea if any actual fighting occurs).
Across
18 December Coronilla france

mexico
Colonel Parra defeats 700 men under Sayan. Losses are said to be 150 dead, mostly French and 370 prisoner, including 101 French. Anales
26 December
Chalco france Infanterie legere d'Afrique
CFFH

1867

13 January
- The first French troops embark at Vera Cruz in the withdrawal. By now the French have long since lost any interest in the war and are even negotiating with the Liberals to ensure a peaceful evacuation. Dabbs
26 January Sauz mexico General Antillon defeats General Liceaga heavily in a dawn action. Anales
26 January Guanajuato mexico General Antillon defeats General Liceaga late in the day.. Anales
27 January Zacatecas austria

Europe

mexico
General Aranda is defeated by Miramon (1,500 men, including many cavalry + artillery) who forces his way into the town (Corti says 4,000 men). Juarez is almost caught in the retreat. Austrians and many French in Gendarmes on Maximilianist side, US Legion of Honor on Liberal side. Arms  Roeder
Anales
1 February San Joaquin or San Jacinto
austria

Europe

mexico
Miramon, retiring from Zacatecas, is routed at this hacienda by the Liberals under Escobedo, with 200 dead, more wounded and 500 prisoners (Corti says 1,500). The 139 Frenchmen are later shot.
Roeder
Anales
4 February Quemada unsure General Castillo defeats General Herrera y Cairo. Anales
5 February - Bazaine leaves Mexico City at the head of the last French troops. -
5 March Queretaro Europe

mexico
The siege of the city commences. The defenders have 9,000 men but most of the foreigners are not present. At some point, probably early, the American Legion of Honor joins the Liberal camp, which numbers around 25,000 (and growing). Avenel  Arms
Anales
12 March Cerro San Pablo
Europe

mexico
The defenders take this hill, outside Queretaro, but cannot hold it. Avenel
14 March Queretaro Europe

mexico
A double pronged Liberal attack: one from the Cerro San Pablo and Cerro de San Gregorio is repulsed by a counter-attack, while a long and confused struggle for Cruz also fails, with the attackers losing quite a few prisoners. Then another assault on Casa Blanca also fails. Avenel
Basch
17 March San Juanico
Europe

mexico
The defenders take this outlying town of Queretaro, but cannot hold it. Avenel
22 March
Queretaro
mexico Generals Marquez and Vidaurri break out of the city in the middle of the night with 1,200 men (all cavalry?). They ride to Mexico City.
Roeder
Anales
24 March Casa Blanca
Europe

mexico
An assault of this important bastion of Queretaro results in heavy casualties on both sides (in the thousands) but the intervention of Imperial cavalry appears the decisive feature in the repulse of the Liberals. Avenel
Anales
March Puebla mexico Diaz invests the city, which has a garrison of around 2,500. It capitulates on 2 April (after an attack?). Avenel
Anales
1 April Queretaro Europe

mexico
Another assault. Corti has it as a sortie on San Gregorio.
Avenel
Corti
6 April San Lorenzo
austria

Europe

mexico
General Marquez (3,500 men, 17 guns) is defeated in a bloody battle by the greatly superior forces of Diaz while attempting to relieve the city of Puebla. (It is possible the Mexican portion wavered upon news of the fall of Puebla, leaving only the foreign elements as reliable troops for Marquez.)
Avenel
Anales
Conti
12 April Mexico City Europe

mexico
A siege commences, as Diaz follows up the defeated Marquez. It was never pressed very hard, despite the defenders not having very many men (4,500?). Avenel
Anales
27 April Battle of the Cemetary
Europe

mexico
This famous dawn battle developed initially from a surprise sortie to seize provisions. It was won by Miramon for the Imperialists, leading 2,800 men, against Ramon Corona. 20 guns and 500 prisoners were taken back into the city. Both sides had cavalry in numbers. This battle is often dated 26 April.
Avenal Anales
Conti
1 May Calleja Europe

mexico

A break-out attempt from Queretaro under Colonel Rodriguez fails. Avenel
Anales
3 May Queretaro Europe

mexico
A sortie is defeated heavily. The defenders now number only about 5,000 men.
Avenel
5 May
Queretaro Europe

mexico
A frontal attack fails, in great part due to the defending artillery. Avenel
14 May Queretaro Another breakout is about to be attempted (with the aim being to die in the field rather than penned up) but a traitor in the Imperial camp lets the Liberals into a vital spot in the defence. Avenel Roeder
20 June Mexico City Europe

mexico
The city surrenders. The final blow for the defenders is the (late arriving) news of Maximilian’s death: at which point the foreigners defending refuse to fight on. Althought the siege was not pressed particularly hard, the American Legion of Honor certainly engaged the defenders. Avenel Arms
Anales

Actions that cannot be placed

1865–1866 Morelia Belgium

unsure
Belgians suffer 7 casualties. Duchesne
Autumn 1865? Sabinas River confederate Imperials beat Liberals. Ex-Confederates fighting for Maximilian lose 27 killed, 37 wounded; Liberals lose 200 killed. Davis
1864 Auxillo france

unsure
At this hacienda, the 1,800 Liberals under Martinez are routed by a squadron of the Chasseurs d'Afrique, some 12th Chasseurs a cheval and the 51st Line.
CFFH
1864 Agua Nueva
france

unsure
Chasseurs d'Afrique
CFFH
1865
Los Sances
france

unsure
95th Line catches Guittierez, killing 15 of his men and taking 45 prisoner.
CFFH
late Matehuala confederate

france
500 troops of 82nd line commanded by Major Henri Pierron are besieged by 2,000 Republicans under Escobedo. Maximilian forces under Shelby (ex-Confederates) attack the republican rear and break the siege. There is mention of French cavalry in the action. Davis
late? Monterey france

mexico
A Mexican Imperial garrison, having lost much of the town, are on the point of conceding when a 110 man party from the Bataillon d'Afrique under Commandant de la Hayrie makes a surprise attack into General Escobedo's rear after a forced march. The Imperialists then hold out for 24 hours, only to sally out once again to catch the enemy between them and the arriving column of General Jeaningros. Elton
late 1866 Cautitlan mexico Miramon defeats the Liberals Elton
1866 Teotitlan austria A small Austrian garrison holds off an attack by the 300 men of Flores, despite the Liberals' use of Contre-guerilla uniforms in an attempt to sneak into the town.
CFFH
early 1866 Penjamo france

unsure
51st Line (Michoacan campaign). CFFH
early 1866 Bajio france

unsure
51st Line (Michoacan campaign). CFFH
1865-1866 Colorado france

unsure
5th Hussars rout the bands of Brigido Torres and Numez Lesdema.
CFFH
1866-1867
Amozoc france

mexico
A combat of the 5th Hussars, 3rd Zouaves and regular Mexican cavalry allies while relieving the Austrians at Tlaxcala.
CFFH



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