and the NDA
For some reason the
story of Baron Ungern-Sternberg has become very well known in English.
Yet the story of Stanislav Bulak-Balakhovich – who was the
mad Baron's match as an adventurer, and a much more capable soldier to
boot – is almost unknown outside his stomping grounds
of Estonia, Poland and Belorussia.
the years I have assembled various pieces of information on the man,
trying to piece together as much hard military data as I can. Sadly
most of what I have found is in Polish or Russian, and therefore
largely inaccessible to me, but I hope that it is enough his story to
become better known in the English-speaking world.
in the RCW
The most accessible introduction in English to this remarkable man is
an article by Richard Spence first published in the journal
Revolutionary Russia. I have been fortunate that he – and his
publishers Taylor and Francis Ltd – have very kindly allowed
republish his article on Pygmy Wars.
(Keen students of the RCW should make an attempt to track down local
copies of Revolutionary Russia – it has some marvelous
articles. The website for Taylor and Francis is www.informaworld.com/
in North-Western Army
The first half of his career was spent fighting with the Estonians and
White Russians on the border of Russia and Estonia. To see some of how
he fits in with the other Whites, there is a set of Orders of Battle in
of the site for the
Whites in northwest Russia..
Russian Peoples' Volunteer Army and its Belorussian Campaign
While the article Useful
covers Bulak-Balakhovich's escapades
well, it does deal with his largest venture in only a couple of lines.
I therefore hunted down some more information on the NDA's brief attack
on Soviet Russia and wrote it up into a short article, so at least the
outline of the campaign can be followed.
While doing this I found a couple of sources that gave hard numbers for
the NDA army just before the Belorussian campaign.
Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz: Zapomniany Bohater
full length book about the man
Richard B Spence Boris
Savinkov: Renegade on the Left
1991, East European Monographs,
book about Balakhovich's
conspirator in the NDA. Worth reading for the other parts of Savinkov's
amazing career in the RCW as well. He mixed with everyone from Lenin to
Richard B Spence Useful
brigand: 'Ataman' SN Bulak-Balakhovich, 1917-21
Russia, 1998 Issue
E. A. Khvor’kh Organizatsiya
dejstviya russkoj narodnoj dobrovol’cheskoj armii
Gvardiya Al’manakh No. 6.
N. Kakurin and V. Melikov Grashdanskaya
Rossii: Vojna c belopolyakami
2002, AST, Moscow
full length Soviet history of
the Russo-Polish War, includes a small section about the NDA campaign.
Oleg Łatyszonek Białoruskie
formacje wojskowe 1917 – 1923
be obtained from