The Ussuri "Host" Army was really just Ataman Kalmykov's personal army,
and most of its members were not Ussuri Cossacks. Nevertheless, they
were named and dressed as if they were.
|Officer, full dress
wearing British uniform
The colour of the Ussuri Host was yellow, with green as a second colour
to distinguish it (reversed from the Amur Host).
The standard texts give the cap as piped yellow, as the modern Cossack
shows, but green is possible, as the lower one has.
Kalmykov happily stole material destined for Kolchak, so his troops
would have quickly often dressed in Allied equipment. He was also
heavily supplied by the Japanese.
men and officers
In WWI the shoulderboards were yellow, with green piping and red
cipher. Khaki ones had the
cipher in dark blue. Officer buttons and lace were silver,
with rank markings and cipher in gold.
The cipher was "У" (the Russian U) with a number if required.
Histotically, as we can see to the left the У was quite heavily
stylised with bit loops on the top and bottom. That would be the style
one would expect on any flags or other symbols for the host.
There is discussion of Kalmykov's units at kolchakiya.narod.ru
that the shortage of material meant plain yellow shoulderboards were
normal in the Ussuri.
The sleeve patch with a К was meant to be only for men who had
served in the original OKO in 1918. From Kalmykov's orders
forbidding its use, it seems likely that many men used it who shouldn't
The above photograph, which is of Ataman Kalmykov between two US
soldiers, and some of his Cossacks behind, does not suggest the
shoulderboards were piped. Note that they have dark Cossack trousers
(except the one on the left, who appears to be wearing a modified
Allied top). The decoration on the thin belts seems to have been quite popular in the far East.
The WWI battle flags were green with a diagonal yellow cross, and the
unit number in the middle.
The sotnias would have been marked by banners with yellow over sotnia
colour, with a green band in the yellow:
The Amur plastoons would have dressed more or less the
same, but with gold for all metal, and black crosses on the
Artillery probably dressed in a uniform based
on Tsarist artillery uniforms
even when Cossack. The shoulderboards as kolchakiya.narod.ru
suggest that they were marked black on yellow cloth. If so, it suggests
a shortage of the appropriate colours (yellow on red).