Urals Cossack Cavalry
The Urals fielded an army firmly based on Cossack cavalry.
Urals Cossack Regiment
The Host colour for the Urals was "raspberry", often translated as
crimson in texts. The shade in question was a more a dark pink than a
red. Old materials suggest it often faded to a paler version.
We know that the Urals suffered particularly badly from supply
issues. The rank and file were probably extremely poorly kitted out for
most of the war. Only the training regiments were dressed at all
Like all steppe Cossacks the Urals cavalry used lances. In 1914 only
half the men fought with a lance, but shortages of weapons and
ammunition may have increased this fraction in the Civil War.
trooper field version
men and officer
Dress shoulderboards were raspberry. Buttons and officer lace were
silver. Officer's monogram and rank markings were in gold, and for
troopers in yellow.
Field shoulderboards had the number stencilled or inked in dark blue.
It appears that all the Urals cavalry had a straight number for
their cipher in WWI. Fighting as a fully separate army there seems to
be no reason why this would have changed in the Civil War.
peaked cap had blue crown and raspberry band and piping. The papakha
raspberry cloth with a
white/silver cross for
officers. The field version was plain khaki, although officers might
have a cross in white. It seems the farther east the Cossacks the
larger and shaggier the fur
hats, so the Urals host was presumably not clad in the low models seen
in the Don and Kuban.
There is a reference to the Urals Cossacks wearing shoulderboards while
serving with KOMUCH
forces, which would
indicate they wore them from the start of the Civil War. There is also
a reference to them wearing coloured cap bands and trouser stripes in
Very late in 1919 a few units were dressed in British uniforms.
A Gureiv Cossack (source pohodd.ru)
in the RCW
The 8th Regiment was originally part of the 3rd Urals Cossack Division,
and then the 4th Division after the Spring 1919 reformation. It seems
to have fought in the Iletsk area. This part of the
front covered a wide area, and it seems the units were often
dispersed, but the 8th spent much of the war alongside the 16th Urals
Cossack Regiment and the 13th Orenburg Cossack Regiment.
the end of 1918 its strength is given as 7 sotnias,
534 sabres and 4 MGs (the seven sotnias is odd, since Imperial practice
was only to have six). After the army revision of spring 1919 it had
six sotnias, with 5 officers, 405 sabres and 10 MGs.
The Imperial 8th Urals Regiment had a 1883 Model flag from
1891. A gilt tape was tied to the pole with
a bow at the top. It would have looked something like this (not sure
which saint they had):
(The 1st to 9th Urals Regiments all had similar flags. Only the saint
The official HQ WWI field flag for all Cossack regiments was a red
inside blue with the
unit's number and distinguishing letters.
The official WWI battle standard was a raspberry square with the unit's
number in yellow. This style of flag was definitely carried over into
the RCW in other hosts (admittedly with quite a lot of deviation in
lettering and edging) and there is a mention of raspberry flags in the
Imperial sotnia flags had raspberry on top, and sotnia colours
It is hard to see other Urals units varying in major respects, apart
different ciphers perhaps. In order to distinguish the various 1st and
2nd regiments it would make sense to add a П for partisan
units or Ч for training units.
A Urals Cossack unit fought in the early days with Kappel', two sotnias
are listed with him in July 1918.
There are very few photos from the Urals of this period.
> Urals Cavalry