Siberian Host Units
Other units of the
It seems that a
small battalion was attached in the later stages of the war to each
Cossack division. Few would have seen much action, as the new divisions
were moved to the front in late 1919 before the plastoon battalions
were properly formed.
There is a description at kolchakiya.narod.ru
of the uniforms designated for Siberian plastoon units. The
scheme has host red shoulderboards with all insignia (buttons, officer
lace and cipher) in gold. The cipher is a number plus "Сб.П.". This all
follows the standard Imperial pattern. However kolchakiya
plastoons red red edging
on the khaki side, which is rather unusual, and seems bogus. It also says that the
plastoons had narrower trousers stripes, only 2.5 cm wide rather than
4.5 cm of the cavalry.
Plastoons would as likely as not have worn
British uniforms, as the Siberian Host struggled to outfit its men in
The Siberian Host was not overly blessed with artillery. In the formation
of the Siberian Corps in August 1919 the artillery was particularly
poorly supplied and trained. However, at least one
Siberian Cossack Battery made it to Chita in 1920 and lasted into 1921.
If they followed the WWI pattern, Cossack gunners would have worn the
standard artillery uniform (see
There is a representation at kolchakiya.narod.ru
shoulderboards. In Imperial practice horse batteries wore this pattern,
but piped around the outside in dark
blue and tended to wear coloured trousers at all times.
Field versions were the same ciphers on khaki but marked in dark blue.
The Siberian Host had originally been sent in order to conquer Siberia for
Russia, but by the 20th Century was no longer much on the active
A native divizion
was set up from Khakas natives of the Altai region in mid-1919 and sent
Omsk. It seems the motivation was that they were promised Cossack
privileges (and may well have been fleeing Red partisans as
well). The Khakas are Turkic, and are called a range of names by
Russians of the period (Altai, Black Kalmyk, Minusinsk Tatar). Most are
aided contacts, though a few retain shamanism.
break-up of the main White armies in late 1919 there was an effort to
construct an Altai Horde, formed around the few Cossacks in the area,
but including Altai tribesmen as well. The apparent uniform was black,
with yellow facings. They fought on for a while, crossing into China
The Siberian Host had Kirghiz to their south, but I have seen nothing
about their contacts during the Civil War.