The Siberian Host was mostly cavalry. They traditionally fought with a
lance in the front rank and sabre in the rear.
Siberian Cossack Regiment
full 1913 parade uniform
field dress with ermakovka
The Host colour for the Siberian Host was red.
WWI field dress would have all the coloured clothes replaced
but the Cossacks were known to retain their coloured items.
Siberian Host was noted for wearing the ermakovka
gimnastėrka with a fabric covering of the shirt opening that had been
made non-regulation before 1914. It made a reappearance during WWI
as standards loosened, and more so during the Civil War. Photos show
the most senior officers wearing the dress version, but how often this
appeared on the battlefield is doubtful.
Lieutenant in the 9th Siberian Cossack Regiment
trooper field version
officer and men
In WWI dress shoulderboards were red and the unit monogram in yellow
for troopers. The cipher was the regimental number plus "Сб" for
Buttons and officer lace were silver. Officer's monogram and rank
markings were in gold. Field shoulderboards had the number
stencilled or inked in dark blue.
has a different scheme in the details. Some of their examples
are shown to the left.
base is red, the buttons and lace are silver, and the cipher is the same. However they show some ciphers
in dark blue, which officially was only used for
khaki side in WWI.
Also many officer boards shown have red
marked with blue rather than silver lace (two leftmost), in the manner
of the low visibility version many officers used late in WWI. This
might have been due to a shortage of lace perhaps.
ranged from fairly sedate versions through to very large shaggy ones.
The cloth was red, with officer cross in white.
Centred on Omsk, where the supplies for Kolchak's armies came, it is no
surprise that from 1919 many Siberia Sotnias were dressed in British
uniforms. Elsewhere Russians preferred to retain Russian caps
All other Siberian regiments would have looked basically similar.
To the right is a modern version of what they
in the RCW
On 31 July 1918 the 1st Siberian Cossack Regiment had 38 officer,
1,219 sabres and was in the 2nd Siberian Steppe Army Corps.
The regiment was put in the new Combined Cossack Corps in September and
took part in the abortive attack on the Tobol. It retreated with the
main body in
the Ice March.
Quite a few Siberian Cossacks made to Chita in 1920 and were reformed
in the Far Eastern Army. They were combined into
the Siberian Cossack Brigade in the 1st Corps (Klaving gives
it 3 regiments of 1,200 men, but Volkov
only two regiments) plus separate Siberian
Cossack Regiments in both 2nd and 3rd Corps.
dropped and by 1921 there was only one Siberian Cossack Regiment in the
White army in Primorye. At
the end in 1922 there was just a small Siberian Cossack Group in the
Composite Cossack Brigade.
The first nine Siberian Cossack Regiments, except the 6th, received
Nikolais in the period before WWI. All followed the same basic pattern:
the 1st, 2nd and 3rd regiments had Alexander ribbons
and the slogan: "1582-1909"; the 4th, 5th, 7th and
8th had St. George's stripes with the inscription for the 1904-1905
Japanese war; and the 9th Regiment the bare minimum Nikolai. This is
the 1st Regiment's:
(Two such Nikolais have survived: those of the 4th and 7th
Regiments. Many pictures of them make the central panel look as if it
should be blue, but the literature is clear that it is dark green.)
Regiment still had an older pattern flag, with the top half
green, the bottom crimson, and a red cross
in gold light in the middle. This was a traditional Siberian Host
pattern and it would not surprise if it was revived for the Civil War
by other regiments.
The official battle standard was a red with a white cross to indicate
the second host of that colour. The unit's number or cipher was added
in yellow in the centre.
A Civil War era flag for the 1st Siberian Cossack Regiment survives in the Russian
Central Armed Forces Museum. It has the red base and white cross, but
differs in the shape and arrangement.
The sotnia flags had red on top, and sotnia colours underneath, with a
white bar to indicate the second host of that colour:
> Siberian Cossack Cavalry