Information about the Semirechensk units fielded is rather
slight. It seems all cavalry in the Host army was Cossack or native.
Semirechensk Cossack Regiment
in WWI parade uniform
WWI parade dress
field dress with ermakovka blouse
The Host colour for the Semirechensk was "raspberry", often translated
crimson in texts. That means that these Cossacks were basically
identical, apart from ciphers, with the Urals Cossacks.
a recent Branch of the Siberian Cossacks, the Semirechensk Host shared
many features, including the fondness for the ermakovka
dress uniform 1913 pattern
trooper field version
men and officer
Dress shoulderboards were raspberry. Buttons and officer lace were
silver. Officer's monogram and rank markings were in gold, and for
troopers in yellow.
Field shoulderboards had the number stencilled or inked in dark blue.
In order to be distinguished from the Urals Cossacks, the regiment
number was followed by "Cм" (but not "Cm", which is Ct).
peaked cap had blue crown and raspberry band and piping. The papakha
raspberry cloth with a
white/silver cross for
officers. The field version was plain khaki, although officers might
have a cross in white.
full dress uniform is shown as seen on both the Ataman and Deputy
Ataman for the Civil War. Given the small size of the Host, it is
likely it was commanded in person by the Ataman or his deputy and they would be dressed this way.
in the RCW
The Semirechensk Cossacks initially fought in partisan groupings, but
in September 1918 the 1st Regiment was formed, to fight alongside the
5th Siberian Rifle Division. Short of officers at their formation, they seconded some Siberian
Cossacks from the 3rd Siberian Cossack Regiment, but they grew fast.
On 13 October 1918 the 1st Semirechensk Cossack Regiment had 29 officers, 910 sabres and 4
By May 1919 a 2nd and 3rd Semirechensk Cossack Regiment followed, to be
a brigade under Ataman Ionov. The Brigade fought through to the dispersion of
Host in March 1920.
The Imperial 1st and 3rd Semirechensk Cossack Regiments had been given
The 2nd Regiment had a much older style flag, showing the Host's
origins as part of the Siberian Host: the top half was
green, bottom raspberry; with a red cross in radiant gold
light in the middle:
The official WWI battle standard was a raspberry square with the unit's
number in yellow. This style of flag was definitely carried over into
the RCW in other hosts (admittedly with quite a lot of deviation in
lettering and edging) and there is a mention of raspberry flags in the
Imperial sotnia flags had raspberry on top, with a white bar to distinguish from the Urals Host, and sotnia colours
There are very few photos from the Semirechensk
Cossacks of this period
> Cossack cavalry