Other units with the
the retreat to the Turgay Steppe in early 1918 there was almost no
a store there supplied a few guns and some ammunition. However at no
time was the Host well endowed. Most batteries were horse batteries,
and very was little heavy artillery.
If they followed the WWI pattern, Cossack gunners would have worn the
artillery uniform (see
To the left
is the kolchakiya.narod.ru
reconstruction for a lieutenant in the 4th Orenburg Cossack Battery and
a corporal in the 2nd Orenburg Cossack Battery. Imperial practice was
for the cipher to be in gold for the officer, not silver (rank stars
were in silver though).
Horse batteries would be the same, but piped around the outside in dark
for the rifle and infantry units would be basically similar,
yellow/gold on red with a crossed cannons for artillery but
with Siberian Rifles adding a "Сб.C." after their number.
versions were the same ciphers but marked red for foot and heavy
artillery, light blue for horse artillery and raspberry for rifle
Ataman Dutov made his name before the revolution and was quite popular
in the Host throughout the Civil War. However he did have some internal
enemies not happy with
his politics and his life was always at risk. Like many rulers
he felt that a bodyguard from another ethnic group would be more
reliable, and his was Kirghiz.
This sotnia was only ever a few men, 60-odd at the start of 1919, but
their exotic nature makes them a favourite with uniform sites and
books. Their uniform was a mix of traditional and Russian elements: a
fur hat with large red cloth crown, a khaki beshmet with bullet
holders, plain red shoulderboards, baggy trousers and boots.
A scheme can be seen at kolchakiya.narod.ru
. The most
famous photo of a member of the unit can be seen in the White Osprey on
page 36 (it has the usual mistranslation of "convoy" instead of
"escort" or "bodyguard").
Apart from the Ataman's bodyguard the Orenburg Host was able to recruit
a few more Kirghiz to fight with them.
It helped that they could use ethnic Tatar and Nogay officers from the
Host, removing many of the cultural obstacles.
In December 1918 the SouthWestern Army had the 1st
Kirghiz Cavalry Regiment, consisting of 4 sotnias with 523 sabres and 2
A Kirghiz "Green Banner" divizion
recruited in defence of Islam, is listed sometimes in Semirech'e with
the Orenburg Host.
Most Kazakhs and Kirghiz however remained aloof, like their separatist
group the Alash
whose area bordered the Orenburg to the south.
that the Russians at the time did not distinguish between
and Kirghiz, apparently using the two terms interchangeably. This can
make tracking who did what very difficult.
> other troops