Ataman Dutov was the political and military leader of the Orenburg
Cossacks for the whole civil war period and it was quite common for a
Cossack Ataman to have a unit
in his name.
The unit started out as a single sotnia (squadron) but later added
another sotnia or two to become a divizion
a division, regardless of what translations have).
The unit wore a standard Orenburg Cossack
uniform. It was likely better dressed though.
To the left are
the shoulderboards of the Ataman Dutov units as shown
real life example, can also be seen there.
The two shown on the left are a captain and trooper in the Ataman
it was originally. What looks like "Am" is actually an "At"
in the Latin alphabet, as the Cyrillic Italic t
is a rounded m
The two on the right are a 2nd lieutenant and trooper in the Ataman Divizion
, as it was
by 1919 at least. This cipher is an "AD" standing for Ataman Dutov.
the stencilling on the troopers' is in white, and the officers' in
silver, when normal Orenburg units were in yellow and gold
respectively. It is also
unusual to see a Cossack regiment with a piped border to the
shoulderboards other than the Don, but it was a feature of guard units.
in the RCW
In January 1919 the unit had 2 sotnias with 326 sabres and 6 MGs. It
is shown on the Buzuluk Sector for the start of 1919.
is no reason to regard it as a solely guard unit as Dutov had a
separate bodyguard unit (the Don Host's
"Ataman Regiment" was a front-line unit, although members did do
ceremonial duty as well) .
flag is recorded as being presented by Ataman Dutov to the Ataman
6 May 1919 in Troitsk in the celebration of the unit's
holiday (St. George the Victorious). It is a replica of one originally
presented by Tsarina Catherine in 1756.
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