Partisan Rifle Brigade
the beginning about half of Annenkov's forces were infantry, but they
are nowhere near as glamorous so are far less well known.
Partisan Rifle Regiment
with raspberry piping
with cloth "gold" shoulderboards
in British uniform
The 1st Partisan Rifle Regiment was recruited from the very start of
Annenkov's campaigns. It was soon joined by the 2nd Regiment, and a rifle
brigade was formed.
two units seem to have stayed together throughout the campaigning. By
the start of 1919 there were 1,800 bayonets in the three regiment
The 2nd Regiment was disbanded in winter 1919/1920, but the 1st
Regiment lasted into China.
Shoulderboards for these units are shown at kolchakiya.narod.ru
for both riflemen and the MG sections, as plain raspberry piped in
white. The raspberry is standard for Rifle units, but the piping is
totally contrary to Imperial practice and seems odd. Plain
raspberry seems more likely. It also seems unlikely otherwise identical
regiments in a brigade would not distinguish themselves with a cipher : something
along the lines of a yellow/gold "1.П.C."
would be normal practice for the time.
Composite Partisan Rifle Regiment
time in late 1918, perhaps as a result of the the move to the Semirech'e, a 3rd
"Composite" Partisan Rifle Regiment was added. The name suggests that
it was formed by the merging of two or more previous partisan units.
While formally brigaded with the other two rifle regiments, it seems to have
largely operated independently.
By mid-1919 the 3rd Composite Regiment
had 1,880 bayonets and 12 MGs in three battalions, each of 3 companies.
There were also 52 bayonets in a scout unit, 44 in a signals
unit, and 75 in a training unit.
This regiment found itself in the north when Kolchak's front
collapsed in late 1919 and disappears from view, apparently
disintegrating or surrendering.
infantry divisions in Kolchak's army added a jäger battalion, and it
seems Annenkov did so as well. The Manchurian Jäger Battalion
appears in the Rifle Brigade for the Partisan Division at the
beginning of 1919, which is soon after the move to Semirech'e.
The "Manchurian" presumably means it was
formed from Mongols, Dzungar or Khalkha, who were a common group in the
area, and more especially over in China. (The White
partisan units went frequently in China to rest and supply, and may
The unit seems to have started being called the Manchurian Horse-Jäger Battalion,
then Regiment, in the middle of the year. It also left the Infantry
Brigade. Presumably that indicates that it was now largely mounted.
The unit's colour was yellow, which was a
standard colour for Buddhist units (Don Kalmyks, for example).
There was a Separate Verkhneuralsk Battalion and a Tatar Battalion, both
recruited in the Orenburg area judging by the names. They wore rifle
colours, but no partisan chevron, which rather indicates that they were
not fully part of the Partisan Division. They seem to have disappeared
There was an Engineer Divizion
which seems to have been a combat unit. It was in the north when the
Kolchak front collapsed at the end of 1919 and was swept away in the
retreat. The Tsarist colours for engineers was black piped red.