Two regular cavalry units were at the core of Annenkov's Partisan Division –
the Black Hussars and the Blue Lancers.
Uniform schemes for these units are also shown at kolchakiya.narod.ru
The Black Hussars formed quite early, and remained a key unit in
Annenkov's Partisan Division. In July 1919 they numbered 27 officers
and 700 drill sabres.
with white piping
We have not attempted a uniform scheme as the ones at kolchakiya.narod.ru
period photos are more than adequate.
Deryabin's plate VIII in his White
Army book also shows the unit, but with red shoulderboards. If this was
true, then by normal Imperial policy the cap band would also
be red piped white to match. On balance shoulderboards were probably black.
A period photo
1) the men wear their caps Cossack style.
2) even the horses were also deliberately black in this unit (except
for the standard bearer obviously).
guesses in Japanese cloth uniform
guesses in British uniform
By the time Annenkov arrived in the Semirech'e the
Blue Lancer Regiment already appears in his order of battle. It is sometimes referred to as the Barnaul
Regiment, and was perhaps recruited there. In July 1919 it numbered 22 officers and 707 sabres. Given
where he was recruiting, the only way Annenkov could get a large lancer unit
together so quickly was to recruit Cossacks. So it may have been called
"Lancer" but it was almost certainly Cossack in manpower.
This regiment served quite a lot of the time separate from the rest of
the Division, often split into separate squadrons. It found itself
isolated to the north when Kolchak's front collapsed in late 1919 and
ended up retreating eastwards, rather than south towards the main body
of the Partisan Division. It then disappears, with a suggestion that it
went to northwestern China.
The uniform is unknown and the above schemes are a guess. There is
another speculative version at kolchakiya.narod.ru
, but there are
serious issues with it. We have chosen hats that are the colours of the
Orenburg Cossacks, and so available at the time the regiment was
formed (left-hand caps above) rather than just plain blue (right-hand caps).
In Tsarist uniforms there was a pattern for regimental colours: the main colour of the cap band was
also the main colour of the shoulderboard and the colour of the trouser
stripe. The cap colour was the colour of the shoulderboard piping. If
Orenburg caps were used the pattern would suggest that the
shoulderboards would be blue, piped in dark
blue (left). If there was actually white piping on blue shoulderboards, then it would
suggest at the very least that the cap band would also be piped white (right), if not the entire cap in white.
Such fancy uniforms would be hard to find, and it would not be unusual
for men to resort to painting caps to get them to match. The rightmost uniform scheme above assumes painted British caps.
There was a Reserve Regiment during much of 1919. Its facings were red.
For a while there was a Separate Cavalry Squadron. Its facings were
Hussar, Lancer, Native and Cossack regiments, what Annenkov was missing
was Cuirassier and Dragoons for the full set. Sure enough towards the
end of 1919 a Cuirassier Regiment and a Dragoon Regiment appear in the
order of battle. Presumably they were deserters (to be generous, early
refugees!) from Kolchak's forces. Information about them or their
uniforms has not been found by us, and they barely existed before the final retreat into China.
> Regular Cavalry