Amur Host in the Russian Civil War
The Amur Host was based in the Amur province (also known as the Priamur
at the time), and their primary role
was patrolling the border along that river up to Khabarovsk. Their main
centre was Blagoveshchensk.
The Amur Host soldiers wore standard Cossack dress, with their
colours being yellow and green.
Hotbed of Red Partisans
Amur region was centre of support for the revolution throughout the
Civil War, and large numbers fell back there from the TransBaikal and
Primorye (Maritime) areas in 1918. With no large towns and terrain that
was easy to hide in, they were in little danger of being eradicated by
the small White forces available. The distance from Moscow
meant that these forces were not
under strict control, which meant they were as likely to be Anarchist
or SR as purely Bolshevik.
Amur Cossacks failed to organise much resistance to the Soviets. The
area was cleared by SemŽnov and the Czechs, who then controlled it,
more or less, along the rail line. The Amur Host formally subordinated
itself to SemŽnov,
but in practice the area was lawless, with petty warlords coming and
There was never much of a Host army, more some self-defence units.
Active campaigning was done largely by outsiders.
the start of 1920 Ataman called his Cossacks to ask if they
would support the Whites. When it was clear that they would not, he
decamped, and the area was more or less entirely in partisan hands.
few Amur Cossacks fled to the Primorye region, and joined up with White
forces there. They grew to three small sotnias, one on foot, so that in
1921 it they became the Amur Cossack Divizion
> Amur Host