WWI Terek artillerymen,
in the traditional uniform. (Wikipedia)
2nd Terek Howitzer Battery during the Civil War. Many of the crew
appear to be wearing coloured trousers. The
circled hat is noted by Mamontov as
being worn by Terek cavalry in summer. Note also the man on the extreme
right wearing a small sheep on his head! (Photoalbum)
Terek Howitzer Battery and 2nd Terek Horse
The Cossack mounted divisions and brigades were
generally accompanied by horse artillery.
Likewise infantry divisions in the Civil War generally had some
integral artillery, though often attached from other parts of the army.
in dress uniform:
The formal Terek artillery uniform was basically the same as for the
plastoons, except that distinctions were in branch of service
colours, not the Host colour.
practice many of the "Cossack" artillerymen were drafted in from
non-Cossack areas in the Civil War, as the Whites tended to have a
surplus of artillerymen while the Cossacks had a shortage.
battery served in mid-1919 as the artillery of the 1st Terek
Cossack Division, and during this time the unit managed to acquire
enough fabric to give themselves white shirts and the traditional blue
trousers of horse artillery. Most
batteries were not so elegantly attired, and would be clad more or less
entirely in khaki.
In general painting Terek artillery crews in non-Cossack Russian
Gunner 1st Kuban Battery
Bombardier Observer 2nd Kuban Horse Battery
shows this for Terek foot artillery.
Cossack artillery in most respects had normal artillery markings. The
shoulderboards were scarlet, piped with blue if they were horse
artillery. Lettering for rankers was in yellow. Buttons and
all officer distinctions were in gold. Like all artillery, crossed
cannons were placed above the cipher.
The only variation from normal artillery was that the khaki versions of
the shoulderboards had the cipher stenciled on in Cossack dark
The cipher gave the battery number and Тр. (Shenk shows only the T, but
the Handbook and diorama.ru agree otherwise.)
Information on the colour of papakha tops is almost entirely absent.
Shenk appears to show black for Terek artillery with red crosses,
trimmed with gold for officers. As black with red trim were the colours
of artillery furazhka
bands and greatcoat tabs, this seems quite likely. There would also be
khaki field issue ones, with a white cross for officers.
The 1st Terek Howitzer Battery was attached to the 1st Terek Plastoon
Brigade in the middle of 1919. The plastoons still had two howitzers in
a battery in October, but it was now the 1st Caucasian Howitzer Battery
as part of the 1st Caucasian Plastoon Artillery Divizion
(along with 3 mountain guns in the 1st Caucasian Plastoon Mountain
Battery). As likely as not, the howitzer battery had just been renamed.
The 2nd Terek Horse Artillery Battery was part of the 1st Terek Horse
along with the 1st Horse-Mountain Battery and the 3rd Horse Battery.
They were attached to the 1st Terek Cossack Division for the second
half of 1919 at least.
Most battery HQs would have had a flag, generally a simple affair.
For horse artillery it was probably in the style of sotnia flags. For
example this was the flag of Mamontov's battery when it was attached to
the 1st Terek Cossack Division in early 1919.
> Terek Artillery