Also known as the 1st Kuban Horse Regiment.
A slightly different unit of the Kuban Host,
recruited from Kuban Cossacks, renamed in honour of General Kornilov.
uniform was a standard Kuban outfit.
It was modified with black trim in mid-1918, and in Spring 1919 the
white hats were made formal issue.
officer's hat, and extra "mourning" version
private, NCO and officer
In August 1918
(or thereabouts) it was decided to honour Kornilov by adding black
mourning markings to this unit. The usual Kuban red shoulderboards were
black. A black letter "K" (for Kornilov, not Kuban) was added and all
markings were changed to black. Officers braid was still silver.
The trouser stripe was also made black. Officially a sloping white
silver for officers, was added to the front of the normal Kuban papakha
could be any colour). Some
officers took the black/red theme a bit further, and replaced the
on their hat tops with black as well.
In March 1919 the uniform was revised. The shoulderboards remained as
before with a red base, and with the letter K, piping around the
outside, stars for officers
and cotton strips for NCOs all in black. The black trouser stripes too
remained. However the papakha
changed to a small all-white version,
with white top. NCOs had a cross of two stripes in black, whereas
officers had four stripes.
The men attempted to get black cherkeskas
and retained the usual Kuban red
complete the red/black theme.
in the RCW
Originally the Kuban Horse Divizion
formed during the Kuban Ice March, it had become the 1st Kuban Horse
Regiment by the end of
March 1918. It was formed from Cossacks from all over the Kuban, so had
no Imperial tradition to fall back on. By June 1918 it was up
to 510 sabres, with 4 MGs.
During the 2nd Kuban March the Volunteer Army gained another unit of
the same name when it absorbed a local partisan group, so in August
Colonel Naumenko asked that his version be
honour the most famous name of the White cause. It fought that campaign
as part of the 1st Horse Division.
In April 1919 it had only about 200 sabres, a small tachanka
command and some attached artillery.
It fought with the Caucasian Army after this, taking heavy losses. In
October 1919, it was part of the 3rd Kuban Cossack Division. Even after
having several smaller units merged into it the regiment still numbered
only 334 sabres and 21 MGs. It took even more losses during the retreat
back the Kuban.
In April 1920, now part of the Kuban Army, the bulk of the unit
surrendered to the Reds in Adler.
By July 1920 sufficient men had made it to the Crimea that it was
reformed as a divizion
and then a regiment in the 1st Kuban Division.
It took part in the Kuban raid under General Ulagay.
During the last campaign into the Northern Tauridia, still part of the
1st Kuban Division, it numbered 300 men
and 16 MGs.
Its commanders included some of the more famous names in the White
cause: Colonel G. Ya. Kosinov (to May 1918), Colonel V. G.
Naumenko (to August 1918), Lt-Colonel Colonel Ermoleno (to September
1918), Colonel Fedenko (killed September 1918), Lt-Colonel then Colonel
N. G. Babiev (to January 1919), Captain then Lt-Colonel F. I. Eliseev
(to June 1919), Colonel Golovin (to April 1920) and Lt-Colonel
Bezladniy (April 1920). The reformed unit was commanded by Colonel
Makeev during the Tauridia operation.
This unit bore no relationship with the famous Kornilov Infantry
Regiment (then Division). That grew to include some cavalry elements,
but they were entirely separate.
In September Ataman Filimonov gave the newly named Kornilov Horse
Regiment a regimental colour granted
by Emperor Aleksandr I in 1803 to Black Sea Cossacks (most members of
the unit were in fact recruited from Black Sea Cossacks). I can't see
flag being carried in battle though.
The regimental flag was:
There is a drawing, presumably from a member of the unit, showing it
being at the front in a charge.
The usual Kuban sotnia guidons also gained a wide black "mourning"
stripe. Below are those for the first and fourth sotnias (squadron
colours being red, blue, white, green, yellow and brown in
All flags had black horse tails attached to the poles as well, in the
ancient Cossack tradition.
F. I. Eliseev wrote quite a large book on this unit, With the Kornilov Horse
The Kornilov Horse
Regiment of the Kuban Cossack Host
by A. I. Deryabin, from Tseikhgauz issue 6. (This material is largely
repeated in Deryabin's book on the Whites, and is mostly taken from
> Kornilov Horse