Ingush troopers, left, and their Shtabs-Rotmistr (Captain), right.
are a large tribe from what is
now Ingushetia, closely related to the Chechens. Both groups have a
warlike tradition and share a strong attachment to Islam. Their
relationships with Russians are fraught: the Tsars finally
conquered them in 1864, after a prolonged struggle, and Stalin tried to
forcibly migrate them from the Caucasus. Currently the area is again
many of the same old historical reasons.
and 2nd Ingush Horse Regiments
The Imperial Army formed an Ingush Regiment in the Savage Division,
and we have assumed that the RCW units kept this basic uniform
(admittedly without any great
Ingush Horse Regiment
Ingush Horse Regiment
||Trooper with bashlyk
||Junior NCO in field
The Ingush were not particularly rich, so their outfits were probably
bashlyk and officer's hat, light blue with white piping
Shoulderboards were light blue with a monogram of Ин (i.e.
In). The bashlyk
was the same colour, so we assume the hat tops must have
been as well. Officer lace was silver, so cipher and rank markings were
gold. Khaki shoulderboards were marked in light blue.
: we have
deviated from page 46 of the WWI Osprey where is says the
shoulderboards for the Ingush were
red as the plate G3 shows an Ingush with light
blue facings. The other tribes from the Terek seem to have been given
blue (Karbadians, Chechens) while the tribes from the Kuban were given
red (Circassians, Tatars). However there is some contradictory
evidence, such as flag colours, which suggest the Ingush were in red.
in the RCW (and Beyond)
The Savage Division of WWI contained an Ingush Regiment, but it appears
to have dissolved and returned home in early 1918.
During the first stages of the Civil War Ingushetia was the scene of
particularly heavy fighting as the
mountaineers fought the Terek Cossacks, destroying
They alternated between working with and opposing the local
Soviets, but they had no love of Communism. The Volunteer Army then
area, after several battles with the Ingush, but trouble flared several
times as the Ingush and Chechens were never properly pacified.
Despite this a few Ingush turned out in
the White Army. They formed a brigade of the AFSR's Combined Horse
Mountain Division in
September 1919. It wasn't very large, since the Volunteer Army was
considered an enemy by most Ingush. We have numbers for October 1919:
1st Ingush Horse Regiment – 80 sabres
2nd Ingush Horse Regiment – 61 sabres, 3 MGs
These units would have broken up in mid-1920.
There was a major uprising of Chechens and Ingush in 1926 against the
Amusingly, the light blue scheme is basically identical to the Terek
Cossacks, their fierce
The WWI Ingush Regiment had had been awarded a
Nikolai (in the non-Christian variant without the slogan and the icon)
but it was never delivered.
The modern flag of Ingushetia is this:
The theme of green stripes on white seems to have been popular at the
time in the area.
The independence minded opponents of the Whites and Reds would have
flown Islamic flags, probably including that of the Emirate of the
For the history of Ingushetia in the RCW:
Revolution and Civil War
in the North Caucasus – End of the 19th-Beginning of the
, by Vassan-Giray Jabagi in Central Asian
Vol 10, 1991. The author was an Ingush, and the
article concentrates on the Ingush from 1918 to 1920.
We have collected various photos of mountaineers on one page:
> Cossacks and
Natives > mountaineers