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Cossack and Native Uniforms

We have now covered all the Cossack and Native uniforms of the Russian Civil War, although information is slight on many units.

Also included are non-Cossack units that fought alongside the Host armies. Sometimes Host armies were given regulars (usually infantry) and they often recruited native tribesmen.

The information presented usually mentions the situation in World War One, often at some length. This is because the Whites usually kept previous traditions into the Civil War, but also to help people interested in armies from that period. In particular we have given full details on shoulderboards and hat colours, when we can find them, even while knowing that few Civil War units will have been able to produce them.

Corrections and suggestions for improvements are very welcome: pygmywarsATgmailDOTcom
 

Caucasian Dress

What many think of as the "Cossack" dress was in fact the traditional style of the mountain peoples of the Caucasus.

Notes on the details of Caucasian Dress

Only two Cossack hosts, the Kuban and the Terek, dressed this way. However, these two hosts and the Caucasian "mountaineers" themselves formed a considerable part of the White armies of southern Russia, especially the early Volunteer Army, which was largely formed in the Kuban.

The Terek Host in the RCW
Terek Cavalry
Terek Infantry
Terek Artillery

The Kuban Host in the RCW
Kuban Cavalry
Kuban Guards
Kornilov Horse
Shkuro's Wolves
Kuban Infantry
Kuban Artillery

The Mountain peoples in the RCW
Daghestanis
Ossetians
Kabardians
Ingush
Others – Chechens, Circassians, Tatars and Kumyks

Other Units
Markov Horse
 

Steppe Hosts in the AFSR

All these Cossack units wore a uniform basically similar to standard Russian military dress.

Notes on Steppe Cossack dress 

The Steppe Cossack Hosts were all more or less anti-Bolshevik, but in Siberia were not always aligned particularly closely with the main White forces.

The Don Host in the RCW
Don Cavalry
Ataman Regiment
LifeGuard Regiment
Don Kalmyks
Don Cossack Infantry
Border Regiments
Don non-Cossack Infantry
Finland LifeGuard Regiment
Don Artillery
Don Engineers

The Astrakhan Host in the RCW
Astrakhan Cavalry in the AFSR
Astrakhan Kalmyks
Other Astrakhan Troops – Artillery, Units with the Urals Host, Units with the AFSR

Steppe Hosts (and related units) in the East

From here on is new and still in the process of being revised.

The history of these hosts are not very well known, so in some cases more extensive historical notes have been added separately.

The Urals Host in the RCW
History of the Urals Host
Urals Cossack Cavalry
Urals Infantry
Other Urals Troops – Artillery, Partisans, Astrakhan Cossacks, Kirghiz/Kazakhs, Orenburg Cossacks

The Orenburg Host in the RCW
History of the Orenburg Host
Orenburg Cossack Cavalry
Ataman Divizion
Orenburg Infantry – Cossack, non-Cossack
Other Orenburg Troops – Artillery, Ataman's bodyguard, Kirghiz/Kazakhs

The Bashkirs in the RCW

The Siberian Host in the RCW
Siberian Cossack Cavalry
Other Siberian Troops – Plastoons, Artillery, Native Units

The Semirechensk Host in the RCW
Semirechensk Cossack Cavalry
5th Siberian Rifle Division
Other Semirechensk Troops – Plastoons, Artillery, Native Units

The Yenisei Host in the RCW (Yenisei = Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk)

Ataman Annenkov Partisan Division
Notes on all Partisan Division units
Annenkov Regular Cavalry
Annenkov Cossack and Native Cavalry
Annenkov Infantry
Annenkov Artillery

The TransBaikal Host in the RCW
Uniforms

The Amur Host in the RCW
Uniforms

The Ussuri Host in the RCW
Uniforms

Other Cossack Units

A large number of Cossacks were reformed into new units in the Far Eastern Army in TransBaikal in 1920. There were official changes made to uniform regulations by Ataman Semenov, which isn't to say that they were obeyed:

Cossacks in the Far Eastern Army 1920-1921 in Russian at kolchakiya.narod.ru
 


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